Tag Archives: attività e sviluppo immobiliare in Argentina

Comprare casa in Argentina: i consigli di Kier Joffe sbarcano sul New York Times

Comprare casa in Argentina è un’idea allettante anche per un numero crescente di italiani. I prezzi continuano a essere sorprendentemente bassi e nella capitale in molti credono che questo è davvero il momento ideale per investire in una proprietà immobiliare in Argentina. Tuttavia, per muoversi con efficacia, occorrono competenza ed esperienza. Per questo, è importante seguire i consigli di professionisti esperti e avvalersi dei servizi di un buon avvocato a Buenos Aires.

L’Argentina e Buenos Aires: la rinascita dopo la crisi

L’Argentina, oggi più che mai, è un Paese straordinario, in grado di offrire innumerevoli opportunità sia agli investitori, sia a chi desidera regalarsi una casa di vacanza in paesaggi fiabeschi. Tuttavia, le suggestioni della recente crisi, pur superata, e i limiti alle transazioni immobiliari in valuta estera hanno finora frenato la crescita del mercato immobiliare in Argentina.

I prezzi di terreni, case familiari, appartamenti e palazzi rimangono quindi contenuti, e rendono le attività immobiliari in Argentina particolarmente attrattive per famiglie e investitori italiani.

Elias Kier Joffe e il mercato immobiliare in Argentina, sul New York Times

Il New York Times ha dedicato un interessante articolo al mercato immobiliare in Argentina. Traendo spunto dalla vendita di Casa Molecule, a La Celina, nei pressi di Buenos Aires, Nina Roberts ha illustrato, con l’aiuto dei migliori esperti, l’evoluzione e le opportunità del settore. Tra i professionisti interpellati dal più celebre dei quotidiani, c’era Elias Kier Joffe, rinomato avvocato a Buenos Aires.

Elias ha spiegato che il mercato immobiliare non presenta particolari complessità per i cittadini argentini. Di regola, essi possono rivolgersi direttamente al Notaio Pubblico (Escribano Publico), senza dover necessariamente ricorrere ai servizi di un avvocato. Tuttavia, per gli stranieri, e quindi anche per un italiano, l’acquisto di una proprietà immobiliare in Argentina presenta alcune caratteristiche che richiedono un’adeguata assistenza legale. Le leggi argentine impongono limitazioni all’uso di valuta estera. Inoltre – ha aggiunto Elias – anche se la legislazione argentina non prevede restrizioni all’acquisto di case e terreni da parte di stranieri, generalmente le banche argentine non concedono mutui.

Il finanziamento dell’operazione immobiliare deve quindi essere chiesto e ottenuto altrove.

Nella maggioranza dei casi, il pagamento del prezzo avviene col trasferimento dei fondi necessari dal conto bancario estero del compratore a quello, spesso anch’esso estero, del venditore.

Il metodo di pagamento deve essere indicato nel contratto d’acquisto e il conto bancario deve essere dichiarato all’Amministrazione Federale delle Entrate Pubbliche (AFIP), l’equivalente dell’Agenzia delle Entrate italiana.

Le spese per l’avvocato a Buenos Aires, quelle notarili e i costi per il completamento della pratica ammontano complessivamente a circa il 3% del prezzo di vendita.

Proprietà immobiliare in Argentina: grandi affari per gli imprenditori, imperdibili opportunità per i turisti

L’articolo del New York Times indica che il mercato immobiliare a Buenos Aires vive una fase di sostanziale stagnazione. Nella capitale, la prima parte del 2013 ha registrato un calo delle vendite attorno al 40-50%, rispetto al 2012, verosimilmente a causa dei limiti posti dal governo all’uso di valuta estera e per le esitazioni dei venditori. Tuttavia, proprio questa situazione sta mantenendo i prezzi bassi e offre incredibili opportunità agli investitori esteri che hanno la sagacia di ben interpretare l’attualità economica della nuova Argentina.

Al contempo, grazie alla straordinaria ricchezza naturalistica, paesaggistica e culturale, l’Argentina è destinata a rafforzare la tradizionale vocazione turistica di ampie regioni del Paese. Da Buenos Aires alla Patagonia, dalla costa ai tesori dell’entroterra, sono innumerevoli gli appartamenti e le case di vacanza disponibili a prezzi ancora decisamente bassi.

Una consulenza specializzata per i compratori italiani

Pertanto, gli italiani, imprenditori e privati, che desiderano comprare casa in Argentina, oppure un appartamento, un terreno o un fabbricato industriale o commerciale, dovrebbero rivolgersi a uno Studio Legale ancor prima di contattare un agente immobiliare. In tal modo, potranno ottenere una consulenza a 360 gradi e la garanzia che le loro operazioni immobiliari avvengano nel modo più semplice, sicuro e vantaggioso.

Lo Studio Legale Kier Joffe dispone di esperti e competenti avvocati in Argentina, specializzati in attività e sviluppo immobiliare, e può assicurarvi un’assistenza legale completa, dalle fasi preliminari al completamento di tutte le pratiche, inclusi i servizi notarili.

Kier Joffe i migliori avvocati di Buenos Aires Argentina.

Compliance issues that arise for foreign workers in Argentina

Compliance with Migration Law
In Argentina,tourist visas are granted for a term of up to three months and may be extended for another three months upon their expiration.If a foreigner enters the country under the category of tourist, he or she will not be legally entitled to render services or perform productive work in Argentina.

Argentine migratory regulations establish that if a foreigner intends to work in Argentina for a short period of time, he or she may request a Temporary Work Permit. Such permit application does not require any prior processing prior to arrival in Argentina. The foreigner should enter the country as a tourist and only then request the Temporary Work Permit in the National Migration Bureau in Argentina, provided that he or she will render services to an Argentine entity.Temporary Work Permits are issued for up to a maximum term of 30 days (15-day initial period, renewable for another 15 days) and are granted immediately upon their request. Alternatively,citizens from certain countries specifically included in the applicable regulations,who declare upon their arrival that they are visiting Argentina on business,may enter under a special category and stay in the country for a term of up to three months,that may be extended for an additional three months upon its expiration.This category authorizes a limited number of commercial and/or professional activities in Argentina, including consultations, negotiations, business meetings and conferences. Employment under this latter category is not authorized. There are two alternatives for obtaining a work visa:(i) a foreign company who assigns its employee to work in Argentina due to a service or technical assistance agreement with an Argentine company, or (ii) a local company who hires the foreigner and includes him or her as an employee in its payroll.

Compliance with Employment Law

Pursuant to Section 3 of Employment Contract Law (“ECL”),individuals rendering services in Argentine territory must be subject to Argentine labor legislation.This is a mandatory provision because labor regulations are defined as public policy,which means that parties cannot agree to a different law.

The law requires an Argentine-based employer to hire such individuals, once the individual has the work visa. The lack of an Argentine-based employer and subsequent employment with a non-Argentine entity is a violation of Argentine law,and exposes the non Argentine entity to several penalties, including employment,migration, social security and tax. The only exception to this rule would be the case of foreign employees visiting Argentina for a brief period of time due to occasional services in Argentine territory for their foreign employer. Although there is no provision in the employment law about the extension of this occasional stay,a consistent interpretation with the migration law authorizes a stay of up to 30 days. There is no specific provision for employees sent on commission beyond30 days (e.g., due to a services agreement between the foreign employer and an Argentine entity,to install a machine,to research the market, etc.),and there is a grey area. As explained above,the Migration authority grants a work visa for such cases and does not require an Argentine entity to be the employer. Furthermore,the Retirement and Pension Law sets forth that those Argentine-based employees sent abroad on commission are still subject to the Argentine law, hence a converse construction could be made. In any case,it is advisable to have an Argentine employer when the stay exceeds 90 days.To the best of our knowledge there are no relevant precedents regarding the above mentioned scenario. The assignment scheme (also known as secondment), under which the home company maintains employment status and makes certain payments,while at the same time the host company pays certain expatriate benefits,is contradictory to Argentine law. The Argentine regulations require that all compensation paid to the expatriate be declared in the pay statement in Argentina by the Argentine employer, for purposes of employment related benefits,social security and taxes. Therefore,whenever the foreign employer pays compensation to the  expatriate, such payment needs to be declared by the Argentine employer.The only exception to this rule would be the case in which the expatriate performs work for two employers simultaneously, in different jurisdictions, under a dual employment scheme. As regards acknowledgement of services for the group,Argentine labor courts have awarded severance factoring the entire period of services,as opposed to the period worked in Argentina.

Compliance with Social  Security Law

Expatriates working in Argentina are subject to the social security system, under which employees and employers are mandated to pay contributions.

There are two exceptions to this rule:

(i) expatriates who are appointed as corporate directors,and (ii) expatriates who stay less than two years. Under the Argentine Retirement and Pension Law,corporate directors are obliged to pay contributions as “independent workers”,as opposed to “dependent workers.”Corporate directors who also work as employees can opt to contribute as employees, but otherwise are exempted. The Argentine Retirement and Pension Law also provides that either the employer of foreign scientists, professionals or technicians (“expatriate”) or the expatriate may request from the social security authority an exemption from social security payments for up to a two year period. The reduction is effective as from the date of filing the request.If the authority does not approve the exception,the employer must pay the outstanding social security contributions plus interest. Additionally,Argentina has signed several social security treaties,which in general terms,allow employees to either factor in the period within which they have worked in Argentina to obtain a retirement or pension-related benefits in their home country, provided that their home country has executed a social security treaty with Argentina, and/or to continue to be affiliated with the social security system of the home country for a limited period of time (i.e., between one and two years).In the latter case,the employees must follow a procedure required by the corresponding authorities of both countries. Because there is no totalization agreement between the United States and Argentina,social security payments will need to be made in Argentina,with the exception of the professionals and technicians who come to work for less than two years.

Compliance with Tax Law

Income Tax

The Argentine employer is required to withhold income tax (and social security contributions,if applicable) on a monthly basis.The tax base for withholding and contributions is the total salary and in-kind benefits the employee receives. The employee will be treated as an expatriate taxpayer,which permits the employee to be taxed only on his or her Argentine source income for the first five years worked in Argentina.After five years in Argentina,the expatriate will be subject to income tax on his or her worldwide income from 9 percent to 35 percent depending on the net taxable income of the employee. Expatriates who reside in Argentina for less than six months are subject to a flat withholding tax of 24.5 percent on their gross Argentine source income, rather than the regular progressive tax rates referred to above.The taxable income for expatriates working in Argentina for more than six months in a calendar year is subject to income tax withholding ranging from 9 percent to 35 percent depending on the net taxable income of each employee Individuals who reside in Argentina for more than six months in a calendar year are entitled to deduct an amount equivalent to AR$9,000 (approximately US$2,330) from their gross income.In addition,a standard annual tax deduction equivalent to AR$34,200 (approximately US$8,860) is available for benefits received for services arising from a labor relationship.

Personal Assets Tax

If the expatriate remains in Argentina for less than five years, he or she will be subject to Personal Assets Tax on assets held in Argentina exclusively.The applicable rate ranges from 0.5 percent to 1.25 percent depending on the valuation of the computable assets. In case the expatriate remains in Argentina for more than five years, he or she will be considered domiciled in Argentina and,consequently,subject to Personal Assets Tax on worldwide assets.The applicable rate ranges from 0.5 percent to 1.25 percent depending on the valuation of the computable assets.

Buenos Aires Argentina Labor and Employment Lawyer

The Buenos Aires Argentina labor attorney professionals of Kier Joffe support clients in human resources planning and restructuring. Modern labor criteria and geographic mobility for companies takes considerable legal prowess, and the Buenos Aires Argentina labor lawyer professionals of Kier Joffe  have the experience and expertise to help. As well, the Argentina labor attorneys have experience in prevention and resolution of individual and collective disputes for clients. Kier Joffe provides labor advice intended to avoid controversies, reduce costs and optimize results, keeping clients permanently informed on the evolution of applicable regulations and their interpretation by perspective governments.

The proven Buenos Aires – Argentina lawyer professionals at the Kier Joffe law firm have experience working with foreign clients involved in all kind of cases in Argentina. Buenos Aires Argentina attorney professionals are knowledgeable in almost all the practice areas of law, to service its international cases in Buenos Aires Argentina. International clients will have the confidence of knowing that the case is being handled by an experienced and knowledgeable Buenos Aires  lawyer in Argentina.

www.kierjoffe.com