Author Archives: Elias Kier Joffe

Doing Business Argentina

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Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 1

— Profile of Argentina — An overview of the country, its population and geography — 16
1.1. Argentina at a glance — 18
1.2. Geographical location and territory — 19
1.3. Climate and natural resources — 20
1.4. Population and demographics — 22
1.5. Language and religion — 25
1.6. Education — 25
1.7. Form of government — 26
1.8. Political system — 27
1.9. Foreign relations — 27
1.10. Infrastructure and communications — 28

Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 2

— Economy and business — An overview of our economy and business structure — 34
2.1. Main economic indicators — 36
2.2. Economic structure — 37
2.2.1. Primary sector — 38
2.2.2. Industrial sector — 41
2.2.3. Services — 43
2.3. Companies in Argentina — 45
2.3.1. Profile of the top 500 non-financial companies — 45
2.3.2. Multinational companies — 47
2.4. Economic policy — 48
2.4.1. Fiscal policy — 48
2.4.2. Monetary and exchange policy — 49
2.4.3. Debt policy — 50
2.5. Domestic and foreign investment — 51
2.5.1. Gross domestic foreign investment (GDFI) — 51
2.5.2. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) — 52
2.6. International trade — 54
2.6.1. Trade in goods — 54
2.6.2. Trade in services — 58
2.7. Labor market — 58
2.8. Financial system and capital markets — 60
2.8.1. Banking system — 60
2.8.2. Capital markets — 6210 —DOING BUSINESS IN ARGENTINA — AN INVESTOR’S GUIDE

Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 3

— Setting up a business in Argentina — How to do business in Argentina — 64
3.1. Establishing a company — 66
3.1.1. Branch offices — 66
3.1.2. Creation of a new company or acquisition of ownership interests in an existing one — 68
3.2. Accessing investment opportunities in Argentina — 71
3.2.1. The Productive Investment Opportunities Database (BaPIP) — 71
3.2.2. Goals of the BaPIP — 72
3.2.3. Submission requirements for projects — 72
3.2.4. Access to the BaPIP website — 72
3.3. Settling in Argentina — 73
3.3.1. Entry permits — 74
3.3.2. Types of residence permits — 74
3.4. Lease and purchase of real estate — 77
3.5. Rural land purchase — 77
3.6. Building permits — 78

Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 4

— Legal framework — Key legislation and regulations — 80
4.1. Legal framework for FDI — 82
4.1.1. Foreign Investment Law — 82
4.1.2. Bilateral investment treaties — 83
4.1.3. Transferring funds into and from Argentina — 85
4.2. Tax system — 87
4.2.1. National taxes — 88
4.2.2. Provincial taxes — 90
4.2.3. Municipal taxes — 91
4.3. Hiring employees — 91
4.3.1. Types of employment contracts — 91
4.3.2. Work experience contracts for training purposes — 94
4.3.3. Remuneration — 95
4.3.4. Occupational hazards — 98
4.3.5. Vacations and leave — 98
4.3.6. Minimum working age — 99
4.3.7. Dismissal — 99
4.3.8. Registering the work relationship — 100
4.3.9. Incentives for contracting personnel — 101
4.4. Intellectual property — 101
4.4.1. Copyright — 101
4.4.2. Industrial property — 101
4.5. Environmental legislation — 104
4.5.1. Environmental Law — 104
4.5.2. Law of Integrated Management on Industrial Waste and Services Activities — 104
4.5.3. Other specific environmental provisions — 104INDEx— 11

Doing Business Argentina:CHAPTER 5

— Foreign trade regulations — How to export from and import to Argentina — 106
5.1. Argentina and its participation in multilateral trading — 108
5.2. Requirement for international trade operations — 108
5.2.1. Registering with the National Registry of Exporters and Importers — 108
5.2.2. Registration as frequent importer and exporter — 109
5.2.3. Registration as a non-frequent exporter — 110
5.3. Exports: relevant steps and information — 110
5.3.1. Customs clearance procedure for exports — 110
5.3.2. Export refund system — 111
5.3.3. Export duties — 112
5.3.4. VAT exemptions — 112
5.3.5. Other aspects — 112
5.4. Imports: relevant steps and information — 114
5.4.1. Types of imports — 114
5.4.2. Import licensing — 114
5.4.3. Sworn Affidavit Prior to Import — 114
5.4.4. Sworn Affidavit Prior to Rendering Services — 115
5.4.5. Tariffs and duties — 115
5.4.6. Other aspects — 116

Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 6

— Investment incentives — Public support to foster investment — 118
6.1. Investment incentives for capital goods and infrastructure — 120
6.1.1. Law to promote investments in capital goods and infrastructure works — 120
6.1.2. Reduction of import duties on capital goods — 120
6.1.3. Incentives for national production of capital goods, IT, telecommunications
and agricultural machinery — 120
6.1.4. Reduction in Value-Added Tax (VAT) — 120
6.1.5. Import of capital goods for large investment projects — 121
6.1.6 Temporary import of capital goods — 121
6.2. Sector-specific incentives — 121
6.2.1. Promotion of the automotive and auto-part industries — 121
6.2.2. Software industry promotion — 122
6.2.3. Promotion of state-of-the-art biotechnology development and production — 122
6.2.4. Biofuels promotion — 123
6.2.5. Promotion of the motorcycle and motorcycle parts industries — 123
6.2.6. Mining industry promotion — 124
6.2.7. Forestry —124
6.2.8. Promotion of the exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons —125
6.2.9. Public infrastructure Works — 125
6.2.10. Promotion of the use of renewable sources of energy — 125
6.2.11. Audiovisual industry — 126
6.3. Location incentives — 127
6.3.1. Provincial incentives — 127
6.3.2. Free Trade Zones — 127
6.4. Incentives for innovation and technological development — 127
6.4.1. Argentine Technology Fund (FONTAR) — 127
6.4.2. Software Industry Fiduciary Fund (FONSOFT) — 12812 —DOING BUSINESS IN ARGENTINA — AN INVESTOR’S GUIDE
6.4.3. Fund for Scientific and Technological Research (FONCYT) — 128
6.4.4. Argentine Sector Fund (FONASERC) — 128
6.4.5. National Science and Technology Council (COFECYT) —129
6.4.6. Promotion and Encouragement of Technological Innovation (Law No. 23877) — 129
6.5. Employment incentives — 129
6.5.1. New hiring incentive programs — 129
6.5.2. Training programs for employees — 130
6.6. Investment Financing — 131
6.6.1. Credit lines from the National Bank of Argentina (BNA) —131
6.6.2. Bicentennial program for productive Financing — 131
6.6.3. Credit lines from the Investment and Foreign Trade Bank (BICE) —131
6.6.4. Credit lines from the Federal Investment Council (CFI) — 131
6.6.5. Subsidized rates for loans to Micro, Small and Medium-Size Enterprises (MiSMEs) — 132
6.6.6. National Development Fund for MiSMEs (FONAPyME) — 132
6.6.7. Bicentennial national program for industrial park development —132
6.6.8. FINPYME —132
6.7. Export promotion —133
6.7.1. Draw back — 133
6.7.2. Export refunds — 133
6.7.3. Inward processing relief —134
6.7.4. Turnkey exports — 134
6.7.5. In-company customs system (RAF) —134
6.7.6. In-house customs —135
6.7.7. Undersecretariat for Investment Development and Trade Promotion —135
6.7.8. Fundación Exportar — 135
6.7.9. PROArgentina —136

Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 7

— Living in Argentina — A place you will want to stay — 138
7.1. Quality of life — 140
7.2. Transport — 140
7.3. Culture — 140
7.4. Entertainment — 142
7.5. Cuisine — 143
7.6. Tourism — 144

Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 8

— Frequently asked questions — Answers to investors’ queries — 146
8.1. What is the legal framework that protects foreign investment? — 148
8.2. Are foreign investors treated differently from national investors? — 148
8.3. Is there a foreign investment registry? — 148
8.4. What restrictions are there on companies remitting profits abroad? — 148
8.5. Are there any restrictions on specific sectors? — 148
8.6. Does Argentina adhere to the Authorized Economic Operator (AEO) program? — 148
8.7. What kinds of immigration permits are required to do business in Argentina? — 148
8.8. What are the main legal provisions that regulate the labor market? — 148
8.9. How many hours is a work day? — 148
8.10. How many vacation days are workers entitled to per year? — 149INDEx— 13
8.11. Is there an extra or additional salary to be paid per year? — 149
8.12. What are the terms of the different work contracts? — 149
8.13. What are the regulations governing redundancy? — 149
8.14. How is the tax system structured? — 149
8.15. What are the main taxes according to the different levels of government? — 149
8.16. Are there any promotional and/or incentive programs in place to encourage investment? — 150
8.17. Are there any industry-specific incentives in place? — 150
8.18. Are investment incentives provided at a provincial level? — 150
8.19. What are the options available to establish a company in Argentina? — 150
8.20. Which importers need to file a Sworn Affidavit Prior to Import (DJAI)? — 150
8.21. Is the Sworn Affidavit Prior to Import required to be processed
together with the non-automatic import license? — 150
8.22. What is the validity period of the Sworn Affidavit Prior to Import? — 150

Doing Business Argentina: Chapter 9

— Directory — Key public institutions for doing business in Argentina — 152
9.1. National entities — 154
9.2. Provincial entities — 156
9.3. Information sources

To download the “Doing Business in Argentina Report” in PDF please click here: https://www.kierjoffe.com/doing-business-argentina.pdf

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Argentina Trademark Attorney

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Argentina Attorney General

The Argentina Attorney General (Spanish: Procurador General de la Nación Argentina) is the chief of all the prosecutors who act before national courts, while he himself is the prosecutor in the Supreme Court.
1863–1875 Francisco Pico
1875–1878 Carlos Tejedor
1878–1890 Eduardo Costa
1890–1892 Antonio Malaver
1892–1905 Sabiniano Kier
1905–1917 Julio Botet
1917–1922 José Nicolás Matienzo
1923–1935 Horacio Rodríguez Larreta
1935–1947 Juan Álvarez
1947–1955 Carlos Gabriel Delfino
1955–1958 Sebastián Soler
1958–1966 Ramón Lascano
1966–1973 Eduardo Marquardt
1973–1976 Enrique C. Petracchi
1976–1980 Elías P. Guastavino
1980–1983 Mario Justo Lopez
1983–1987 Juan Octavio Gauna
1987–1989 Andrés José d’Alessio
1989–1991 Oscar Eduardo Roger
1991–1992 Rebón Aldo Montesano
1992–1994 Oscar Luján Fappiano
1994–1997 Ángel Nicolás Agüero Iturbe
1997–2004 Nicolás Eduardo Becerra
2004–2012 Esteban Justo Righi
2012– Alejandra Magdalena Gils Carbó

 

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