Author Archives: Elias Kier Joffe

Argentina Criminal Defense Attorney – Argentina Criminal Defense Lawyers

Do I Required an Argentina Criminal Defense attorney?

Anybody who is dealing with a criminal charge, no matter exactly how small, will take advantage of seeking advice from a qualified Argentina criminal defense attorney. Even if the legal representative is not maintained to offer representation in court, an examination will assist a criminal offender comprehend the nature of the charges submitted, offered defenses, exactly what plea deals are most likely to be provided, and exactly what is most likely to take place in case of conviction.

For significant charges, it will be an unusual offender who does not gain from having a proficient Argentina criminal defense attorney aid with the settlement of a plea deal, or to prepare a case for trial.

An Argentina criminal defense attorney need to likewise have the ability to recognize vital pretrial problems, and to bring proper movements which could substantially enhance an accused’s scenario, and even lead to the termination of charges.

Just how much Will My Defense Expense?

The expense of an Argentina criminal defense attorney can differ substantially relying on the territory, and the nature of the charges which have actually been submitted (or which are anticipated to be submitted) versus the accused. A legal representative will generally need a higher retainer for a complicated case than for an easy case. The quantity of a retainer will likewise normally enhance with the seriousness of the charge submitted versus an accused. In some cases, however, a fairly small charge can need a greater retainer, where the lawyer anticipates to need to take part in substantial movement practice, or where it will be required to use professional witnesses.

In a misdemeanor case, although as formerly kept in mind the common charge will differ considerably in between cities, counties, and states, it is not uncommon for a legal representative to ask for a retainer of a number of thousand dollars. For felony cases, retainers commonly begin at $1,000 – $10,000, and can be $25,000 or even more for significant or life felonies, such as sexual offense cases or murder. The awaited expense of skilled witnesses can likewise substantially enhance a retainer.

Watch out for becoming part of a retainer contract which requires extra payments if the case will go to trial. It is not uncommon for appellate attorneys to hear customers recite that they became part of guilty pleas after they were incapable to come up with the needed funds to pay their legal representatives to continue with a trial. If you do choose to become part of a contract where you will pay an extra retainer if your case goes to trial, ensure that it is a quantity you can pay for.

Discovering an Argentina Criminal Defense attorney

It is regrettably not constantly simple to discover a great Argentina criminal defense attorney. Below are some recommendations:.

Recommendations – It could be possible to discover an Argentina criminal defense attorney from someone who recognizes with the attorney’s practice. As an example, if you routinely deal with a legal representative or law company, that attorney could have the ability to recommend a qualified Argentina criminal defense attorney in your location. If your county is served by a public protector’s workplace, often a protector’s workplace will want to recommend a qualified are defense attorney. If you have a buddy or relative who has actually been in difficulty with the law, that individual might have the ability to make some pointers.

Court Observation – You could want to endure some public sessions of court while criminal cases are being said. If you discover a specific legal representative’s efficiency to be remarkable, you could remember of the attorney’s name and later contact the legal representative about the possibility of representing you.

Specialist Organizations – Each state, and some significant cities, have companies of Argentina criminal defense attorney. A few of those companies provide recommendation services or online directory sites, which you can make use of to discover a defense attorney in your location.

Directory sites – There are a variety of online directory sites that include Argentina criminal defense attorney, consisting of and FindLaw.

State versus Federal Charges – There are added elements you could want to think about when working with a federal criminal defense lawyer.

After you have actually found several lawyers whom you want to seek advice from about your case, call them to set up visits. (Discover at that time if they provide a complimentary preliminary assessment, or if you will be charged for the conference.) Attempt to speak to the Argentina criminal defense attorney over the phone prior to arranging the visit. Inquire about the legal representative’s basic experience with criminal defense, and any particular experience with cases like yours.

Trust your impulses – if you aren’t comfy with a lawyer you get in touch with, attempt a various workplace. You do not have any commitment to work with a legal representative simply since you sought advice from that legal representative. If your legal representative is vowing you that your case is simple, or makes pledges that you will not go to prison, speak with various other legal representatives prior to signing a retainer arrangement – some attorneys misrepresent the gravity of an accused’s scenario or the intricacy of a case in order to lure the accused to pay a retainer, and afterwards blame the judge or district attorney when the rosy circumstance they at first assured ends up being a problem.

Private Argentina Defense Counsel or Selected Counsel?
Individuals who are accused of felony offenses, and numerous people who are accused of misdemeanors, could be qualified for appointed counsel or for support with a public protector’s workplace. When an offender requests for a court-appointed attorney, the trial judge will generally make an evaluation of the offender’s resources to identify if the offender will get a consultation of a Argentina criminal defense attorney. When a visit is made, although the offender might be bought to pay back specific lawyer charges following a guilty plea or conviction, there will not normally be any charge in case of acquittal or termination of the charges.

Some individuals presume that a court selected Argentina criminal defense attorney will provide services which are inferior to an independently kept attorney. While it is definitely real that some public protectors, some selected legal representatives, and some personal lawyers will verify to be insufficiently knowledgeable or devoted to their work to offer a reliable defense, it is normally asserted that the typical public protector will supply much better representation than the typical exclusive criminal defense attorney. The main reasons for this consist of experience, as an expert public protector will generally have a lot more experience with criminal cases than an exclusive legal representative, the capability to work together with various other seasoned attorneys within the workplace, as well as due to the resources and systems readily available to a common public protector’s workplace. Numerous exclusive criminal defense attorney take visits – significance that if you are charged in a territory that selects exclusive attorneys to stand for criminal offenders, numerous of the attorneys you could otherwise preserve will be amongst those to whom a court could designate your case. As well as if you are purchased to pay back legal charges, the expense of a selected attorney is usually substantially lower than the expense of a kept attorney.

Simply put, if you can employ a reliable Argentina criminal defense attorney you must not be reluctant to do so. However, if your methods are restricted, you need to likewise not be reluctant to ask for a selected defense attorney, and ought to not fear that you will get inferior representation simply since your attorney was designated.

Altering Legal representatives.
It is essential to keep in mind that your constitutional right to efficient support of counsel relates virtually solely to the efficiency of appointed counsel. It is practically difficult to convince an appellate court that the incompetence of counsel of your very own deciding on makes up a mistake needing turnaround. If you are not comfy with the proficiency of your attorney, kept or selected, talk to a 2nd attorney to have your scenario assessed. It could well end up that your legal representative is proficient – however it is you who might go to jail, not your legal representative, if the attorney is inefficient.

The proven Argentina Criminal Defense attorney professionals at the Kier Joffe law firm have experience working with foreign clients involved in all kind of criminal cases in Argentina. Argentina Criminal Defense attorney professionals are knowledgeable in almost all the practice areas of law, to service its international criminal cases in Buenos Aires Argentina. International clients will have the confidence of knowing that the case is being handled by an experienced and knowledgeable Argentina Criminal Defense attorneys.

Doing Business Argentina

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Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 1

— Profile of Argentina — An overview of the country, its population and geography — 16
1.1. Argentina at a glance — 18
1.2. Geographical location and territory — 19
1.3. Climate and natural resources — 20
1.4. Population and demographics — 22
1.5. Language and religion — 25
1.6. Education — 25
1.7. Form of government — 26
1.8. Political system — 27
1.9. Foreign relations — 27
1.10. Infrastructure and communications — 28

Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 2

— Economy and business — An overview of our economy and business structure — 34
2.1. Main economic indicators — 36
2.2. Economic structure — 37
2.2.1. Primary sector — 38
2.2.2. Industrial sector — 41
2.2.3. Services — 43
2.3. Companies in Argentina — 45
2.3.1. Profile of the top 500 non-financial companies — 45
2.3.2. Multinational companies — 47
2.4. Economic policy — 48
2.4.1. Fiscal policy — 48
2.4.2. Monetary and exchange policy — 49
2.4.3. Debt policy — 50
2.5. Domestic and foreign investment — 51
2.5.1. Gross domestic foreign investment (GDFI) — 51
2.5.2. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) — 52
2.6. International trade — 54
2.6.1. Trade in goods — 54
2.6.2. Trade in services — 58
2.7. Labor market — 58
2.8. Financial system and capital markets — 60
2.8.1. Banking system — 60

Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 3

— Setting up a business in Argentina — How to do business in Argentina — 64
3.1. Establishing a company — 66
3.1.1. Branch offices — 66
3.1.2. Creation of a new company or acquisition of ownership interests in an existing one — 68
3.2. Accessing investment opportunities in Argentina — 71
3.2.1. The Productive Investment Opportunities Database (BaPIP) — 71
3.2.2. Goals of the BaPIP — 72
3.2.3. Submission requirements for projects — 72
3.2.4. Access to the BaPIP website — 72
3.3. Settling in Argentina — 73
3.3.1. Entry permits — 74
3.3.2. Types of residence permits — 74
3.4. Lease and purchase of real estate — 77
3.5. Rural land purchase — 77
3.6. Building permits — 78

Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 4

— Legal framework — Key legislation and regulations — 80
4.1. Legal framework for FDI — 82
4.1.1. Foreign Investment Law — 82
4.1.2. Bilateral investment treaties — 83
4.1.3. Transferring funds into and from Argentina — 85
4.2. Tax system — 87
4.2.1. National taxes — 88
4.2.2. Provincial taxes — 90
4.2.3. Municipal taxes — 91
4.3. Hiring employees — 91
4.3.1. Types of employment contracts — 91
4.3.2. Work experience contracts for training purposes — 94
4.3.3. Remuneration — 95
4.3.4. Occupational hazards — 98
4.3.5. Vacations and leave — 98
4.3.6. Minimum working age — 99
4.3.7. Dismissal — 99
4.3.8. Registering the work relationship — 100
4.3.9. Incentives for contracting personnel — 101
4.4. Intellectual property — 101
4.4.1. Copyright — 101
4.4.2. Industrial property — 101
4.5. Environmental legislation — 104
4.5.1. Environmental Law — 104
4.5.2. Law of Integrated Management on Industrial Waste and Services Activities — 104
4.5.3. Other specific environmental provisions — 104INDEx— 11

Doing Business Argentina:CHAPTER 5

— Foreign trade regulations — How to export from and import to Argentina — 106
5.1. Argentina and its participation in multilateral trading — 108
5.2. Requirement for international trade operations — 108
5.2.1. Registering with the National Registry of Exporters and Importers — 108
5.2.2. Registration as frequent importer and exporter — 109
5.2.3. Registration as a non-frequent exporter — 110
5.3. Exports: relevant steps and information — 110
5.3.1. Customs clearance procedure for exports — 110
5.3.2. Export refund system — 111
5.3.3. Export duties — 112
5.3.4. VAT exemptions — 112
5.3.5. Other aspects — 112
5.4. Imports: relevant steps and information — 114
5.4.1. Types of imports — 114
5.4.2. Import licensing — 114
5.4.3. Sworn Affidavit Prior to Import — 114
5.4.4. Sworn Affidavit Prior to Rendering Services — 115
5.4.5. Tariffs and duties — 115
5.4.6. Other aspects — 116

Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 6

— Investment incentives — Public support to foster investment — 118
6.1. Investment incentives for capital goods and infrastructure — 120
6.1.1. Law to promote investments in capital goods and infrastructure works — 120
6.1.2. Reduction of import duties on capital goods — 120
6.1.3. Incentives for national production of capital goods, IT, telecommunications
and agricultural machinery — 120
6.1.4. Reduction in Value-Added Tax (VAT) — 120
6.1.5. Import of capital goods for large investment projects — 121
6.1.6 Temporary import of capital goods — 121
6.2. Sector-specific incentives — 121
6.2.1. Promotion of the automotive and auto-part industries — 121
6.2.2. Software industry promotion — 122
6.2.3. Promotion of state-of-the-art biotechnology development and production — 122
6.2.4. Biofuels promotion — 123
6.2.5. Promotion of the motorcycle and motorcycle parts industries — 123
6.2.6. Mining industry promotion — 124
6.2.7. Forestry —124
6.2.8. Promotion of the exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons —125
6.2.9. Public infrastructure Works — 125
6.2.10. Promotion of the use of renewable sources of energy — 125
6.2.11. Audiovisual industry — 126
6.3. Location incentives — 127
6.3.1. Provincial incentives — 127
6.3.2. Free Trade Zones — 127
6.4. Incentives for innovation and technological development — 127
6.4.1. Argentine Technology Fund (FONTAR) — 127
6.4.2. Software Industry Fiduciary Fund (FONSOFT) — 12812 —DOING BUSINESS IN ARGENTINA — AN INVESTOR’S GUIDE
6.4.3. Fund for Scientific and Technological Research (FONCYT) — 128
6.4.4. Argentine Sector Fund (FONASERC) — 128
6.4.5. National Science and Technology Council (COFECYT) —129
6.4.6. Promotion and Encouragement of Technological Innovation (Law No. 23877) — 129
6.5. Employment incentives — 129
6.5.1. New hiring incentive programs — 129
6.5.2. Training programs for employees — 130
6.6. Investment Financing — 131
6.6.1. Credit lines from the National Bank of Argentina (BNA) —131
6.6.2. Bicentennial program for productive Financing — 131
6.6.3. Credit lines from the Investment and Foreign Trade Bank (BICE) —131
6.6.4. Credit lines from the Federal Investment Council (CFI) — 131
6.6.5. Subsidized rates for loans to Micro, Small and Medium-Size Enterprises (MiSMEs) — 132
6.6.6. National Development Fund for MiSMEs (FONAPyME) — 132
6.6.7. Bicentennial national program for industrial park development —132
6.6.8. FINPYME —132
6.7. Export promotion —133
6.7.1. Draw back — 133
6.7.2. Export refunds — 133
6.7.3. Inward processing relief —134
6.7.4. Turnkey exports — 134
6.7.5. In-company customs system (RAF) —134
6.7.6. In-house customs —135
6.7.7. Undersecretariat for Investment Development and Trade Promotion —135
6.7.8. Fundación Exportar — 135
6.7.9. PROArgentina —136

Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 7

— Living in Argentina — A place you will want to stay — 138
7.1. Quality of life — 140
7.2. Transport — 140
7.3. Culture — 140
7.4. Entertainment — 142
7.5. Cuisine — 143
7.6. Tourism — 144

Doing Business Argentina: CHAPTER 8

— Frequently asked questions — Answers to investors’ queries — 146
8.1. What is the legal framework that protects foreign investment? — 148
8.2. Are foreign investors treated differently from national investors? — 148
8.3. Is there a foreign investment registry? — 148
8.4. What restrictions are there on companies remitting profits abroad? — 148
8.5. Are there any restrictions on specific sectors? — 148
8.6. Does Argentina adhere to the Authorized Economic Operator (AEO) program? — 148
8.7. What kinds of immigration permits are required to do business in Argentina? — 148
8.8. What are the main legal provisions that regulate the labor market? — 148
8.9. How many hours is a work day? — 148
8.10. How many vacation days are workers entitled to per year? — 149INDEx— 13
8.11. Is there an extra or additional salary to be paid per year? — 149
8.12. What are the terms of the different work contracts? — 149
8.13. What are the regulations governing redundancy? — 149
8.14. How is the tax system structured? — 149
8.15. What are the main taxes according to the different levels of government? — 149
8.16. Are there any promotional and/or incentive programs in place to encourage investment? — 150
8.17. Are there any industry-specific incentives in place? — 150
8.18. Are investment incentives provided at a provincial level? — 150
8.19. What are the options available to establish a company in Argentina? — 150
8.20. Which importers need to file a Sworn Affidavit Prior to Import (DJAI)? — 150
8.21. Is the Sworn Affidavit Prior to Import required to be processed
together with the non-automatic import license? — 150
8.22. What is the validity period of the Sworn Affidavit Prior to Import? — 150

Doing Business Argentina: Chapter 9

— Directory — Key public institutions for doing business in Argentina — 152
9.1. National entities — 154
9.2. Provincial entities — 156
9.3. Information sources

To download the “Doing Business in Argentina Report” in PDF please click here:

Argentina Immigration Attorney

Argentina Immigration Attorney At Kier Joffe

An Argentina Immigration Attorney at Kier Joffe provides professional legal counsel and extensive experience in many aspects of Argentina Immigration law. As a trusted Argentina law firm, Kier Joffe’s highly skilled Argentina immigration lawyers have managed a variety of immigration cases for a wide range of clients.

Contact an Experienced Argentina Immigration Attorney at Kier Joffe.

A highly skilled Argentina Immigration Attorney with Kier Joffe will provide more than just legal advice for an immigration case. The Argentina Immigration Attorneys fully embrace each case and are committed to representing their clients’ best interests. The firm’s Argentina Immigration Attorneys professionals will determine the most effective course of action to handle each case.

Trustworthy Argentina Immigration Lawyers

An experienced Argentina Immigration Attorney from Kier Joffe can help navigate the details of Argentina immigration law. Kier Joffe’s team of reputable Columbus immigration lawyers carefully analyze each immigration case and form sound strategies to efficiently manage the client’s case. For dedicated Argentina Immigration Attorneys, trust Kier Joffe to deliver quality representation in the field of immigration law.

Contact A Proven Argentina Immigration Attorney At Kier Joffe Now

Argentina Trademark Attorney

Argentina Trademark Attorney

An argentina trademark attorney at Kier Joffe provides professional legal counsel and extensive experience in many aspects of Trademark, Copyright & Patents law. As a trusted Argentina Trademark Attorney defense law firm, Kier Joffe’s highly skilled Buenos Aires Trademark, Copyright & Patents defense lawyers have managed a wide variety of Trademark, Copyright & Patents defense claims.

Contact an Experienced Argentina Trademark Attorney

A highly skilled Buenos Aires Trademark, Copyright & Patents defense lawyer with Kier Joffe will provide more than just legal advice for a Trademark, Copyright & Patents defense case. The Buenos Aires Trademark, Copyright & Patents defense lawyers fully embrace each case with the clients’ best interests in mind. Analyzing each case, the firm’s Buenos Aires Trademark, Copyright & Patents defense attorney professionals determine the most effective course of action to achieve a favorable resolution. For dedicated Buenos Aires trademarks defense attorneys, trust Kier Joffe to deliver quality representation in the field of Trademark, Copyright & Patents law.

Trustworthy Argentina Trademark Attorney

While involved in a Trademark, Copyright & Patents dispute, it is important to seek a highly experienced Buenos Aires Trademark, Copyright & Patents defense lawyer with a trustworthy background. The Buenos Aires Trademark, Copyright & Patents defense attorneys at Kier Joffe are committed to protecting their clients’ best interests. Kier Joffe’s team of reputable Buenos Aires Trademark, Copyright & Patents defense lawyers carefully analyze trademarks disputes to form sound case strategies in order to resolve the client’s legal matter.

Contact a Proven Argentina Trademark Attorney

The proven Buenos Aires – Argentina lawyer professionals at the Kier Joffe law firm have experience working with foreign clients involved in all kind of cases in Argentina. Buenos Aires Argentina attorney professionals are knowledgeable in almost all the practice areas of law, to service its international cases in Buenos Aires Argentina. International clients will have the confidence of knowing that the case is being handled by an experienced and knowledgeable Buenos Aires  lawyer in Argentina.

Argentina Attorney General

The Argentina Attorney General (Spanish: Procurador General de la Nación Argentina) is the chief of all the prosecutors who act before national courts, while he himself is the prosecutor in the Supreme Court.
1863–1875 Francisco Pico
1875–1878 Carlos Tejedor
1878–1890 Eduardo Costa
1890–1892 Antonio Malaver
1892–1905 Sabiniano Kier
1905–1917 Julio Botet
1917–1922 José Nicolás Matienzo
1923–1935 Horacio Rodríguez Larreta
1935–1947 Juan Álvarez
1947–1955 Carlos Gabriel Delfino
1955–1958 Sebastián Soler
1958–1966 Ramón Lascano
1966–1973 Eduardo Marquardt
1973–1976 Enrique C. Petracchi
1976–1980 Elías P. Guastavino
1980–1983 Mario Justo Lopez
1983–1987 Juan Octavio Gauna
1987–1989 Andrés José d’Alessio
1989–1991 Oscar Eduardo Roger
1991–1992 Rebón Aldo Montesano
1992–1994 Oscar Luján Fappiano
1994–1997 Ángel Nicolás Agüero Iturbe
1997–2004 Nicolás Eduardo Becerra
2004–2012 Esteban Justo Righi
2012– Alejandra Magdalena Gils Carbó